Policy should be grounded on values. Key foundational documents include:       

Outcome document of the conference on Information and Communication Rights in Africa, 31st May – 02 June 2023                 

Lusaka Declaration, 2nd African Media Convention, 2023                                                             

The Windhoek +30 Declaration (2021)

The Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information in Africa (updated 2019)

2019 – Addis Ababa Declaration on “Journalism and Elections in Times of Disinformation

African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms (2015)

2018 – Accra Declaration on “Keeping Power in Check: Media, Justice and the Rule of Law”

2012 – Carthage Declaration on “New Voices: Media Freedom Helping to Transform Societies”

2008 – Maputo Declaration on “Freedom of Expression, Access to Information and Empowerment of People”

2001 – African Charter on Broadcasting

The Windhoek Declaration (1991)

“Windhoek prompted the evolution of African standards appropriate to the ideal of journalism.”

Guy Berger, UNESCO director, 2021

Selection of personal outputs relevant to policy development and analysis:

Submission to UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Opinion “Freedom of Opinion and Expression and Sustainable Development – Why Voice Matters” (2023)

Comments on “Guidance for regulating digital platforms: a multistakeholder approach Draft 1.1” – a response to UNESCO call for contributions to their draft Guidance document for debate at their global conference, Paris 21-23 February 2023. (2023)

I was involved in UNESCO’s: “Journalism is a public good: World trends in freedom of expression and media development; Global report 2021/2022

Overview to Tracing the Footprints of the Windhoek Declaration and Charting the Windhoek +30 Declaration. (2022)

Foreword to book: Disinformation and the Global South

Getting from the global to the local: Norms and systems for protecting journalists in the times of the sustainable development goals (2019)

How UNESCO’s ROAM can reinvigorate Internet governance. Chapter in: Towards a Global Framework for CyberPeace and Digital Cooperation: An Agenda for the 2020s. Kleinwachter, W; Ketteman, M.C; Senges, M; and Mosene, K. (eds). Berlin: Internet Governance Forum. (2019)

Theorising African communications: The bad news signalled by broadcast digital migration policy (2012)

Media in Africa: 20 years after the Windhoek Declaration on Press Freedom (2011).

Problematizing ‘media development’ as a bandwagon gets rolling (2011)

Media in the policy loop (2007)

South Africa – a brief policy historypowerpoint for a post-graduate class at Rhodes University (2006)

Absent voices, missed opportunities. Media silence on ICT policy issues in six African countries. (2005) and summary powerpoint

Public opinion and the sometimes triangle of media-government-civil society (2005)

Ten Point Guide to Policy Design (powerpoint) (2004)

More Media for Southern Africa? The place of politics, economics and convergence in developing media density (2004)

Media’s impact on public policy: implications for civil society (2003)

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